10 Tips for a Happy Backpacking

1. Choose the right walking shoes
The key is finding the perfect-fit shoes. Key points to check: the grip, foot support, waterproofing, moisture transfer, comfort and cushioning. Base the correctness of the shoes depending on the activity..

For a short hike or a quiet walk, comfort is emphasized. The shoes recommended are those of low cut or mid-high and are fairly light. For more rugged terrain (trekking, off-road), choose shoes with mid-high rod and lugged outsole. It offers a very good foot support and superior cushioning. Moreover, it allows the feet to breathe.

Finally, for hiking, opt for shoes with high cuts, those that are waterproof. When buying shoes, do your fittings in the evening when your foot is slightly swollen, tired and susceptible, such as the state of your feet upon hiking.

2. Choose the right socks.
Walking with socks that are inappropriate may give way to friction and blisters. Avoid sports socks that are low end, without preformed or acrylic heel.

Cotton is soft, supporting strong perspiration but has no bad materials like wool. It is not recommended for hiking all day. The cotton / polyester or wool fibers are a good compromise.

If your hike takes place over several days, carry with you several pairs of socks. Another handy tip: remember to sleep with the socks you will wear the next day.They will then be dry and warm.

3. Choose the right clothes
Touring professionals advise wearing 3 layers of clothing on the upper body: An “undergarment” such as a T-shirt or a shirt made ??of synthetic fibers. The goal: to absorb and wick away perspiration. Avoid cotton. A second layer to keep warm: sweater, fleece jacket, and the like. The fleece allows the body to
breathe better and are lighter than wool. A raincoat. Forget the traditional windproof and breathable ones. The idea is to be equipped with a jacket in GoreTex� or a similar material (albeit a bit more expensive than wind breaks “coated”: Expect a minimum of 120 euros). Pants. Jeans are not allowed. Instead, choose pants or capris in spandex, “water resistant” (so that water flows rather than entering) and those which strengthens the buttocks.

4. Use a backpack
The first question to ask is the volume of things you will bring. The bags with a capacity of 30 to 40 liters are suitable for a short hike (day or half day).

For longer walks for a few days, you should take a bag of 50 to 70 liters. If you go with a small bag, make sure it has padded shoulder straps to avoid pain. Bags of more than 35 liters are equipped with these type of straps, toe straps of charge and a padded hip belt.Generally, the height of the back can be adjusted. Choose the ones that offer the best organization of storage. : Side pockets, ventral, or lower outside compartments, etc. Concerning the weight that a hiker can carry, it is widely believed that the maximum load of the backpack should not exceed 20% of the weight of the person bringing it.

5. Bring food and drinks
During physical exertion, the body draws heavily on its reserves. Hence, the importance of regularly replenishing the body with carbohydrates is a must. Do not hesitate when hiking to have breaks to refuel. To do this, slip into your bag some cereal bars, fruit pastes, sugar, condensed milk cartons or
dried fruit. Obviously, your body will also need to be hydrated. The ideal is to drink 500 ml per hour, taken regularly every 20 minutes (150 to 200 ml or 5-6 sips). You can alternate water and sports drink. However Avoid ice water, which can cause a very upset stomach.

6. Make walking sticks
More and more walkers are equipped with sticks. What are its benefits? How to choose? Walking sticks are useful on rough roads. Downhill, they allow the hiker to relieve his knees. Uphill, they help to better support the weight of the backpack, in order to spread the load. It is advisable to use two sticks, not just one, to promote body symmetry and prevent back pain or joint pain. On flat ground, sticks are not necessarily required. Moreover, they also serve to work the upper body. The sticks can be cumbersome when you go to places in which you must use your hands to climb. Hence it is important to choose retractable or collapsible batons, which can be stored in the backpack (not rigid sticks, more recommended for Nordic walking on uneven terrain little).
To choose the length of the sticks, here is an easy operation: 0.7 x your height. About its composition, the ideal is obviously the carbon ones. Downside: it’s quite expensive. The fiberglass can be a good compromise between quality and price. Finally, when you buy your clubs, make sure the handle is adapted to your hand. Prefer rubber grips or cork-rubber alloy for added comfort. Avoid plastic, which will make you sweat.

7. Local orientation of what to bring
A map and compass With a map and compass, there is no risk of being lost. The simple plate compasses are positioned directly on the map. Their reading is favored by a magnifying lens incorporated therein. Nearby accommodations like Cedar City Hotels can help make your backpacking activity more fun, convenient & memorable.

The GPS – This instrument cannot substitute for good map reading. But it is still very convenient, though. A GPS (Global Positioning System) exchange radio signals with at least three satellites are dedicated to the system. The coordinates of a point measures the distance to the satellites (on average between 10 and 12 satellites) and applies the principle of triangulation. The altitude, latitude and longitude are calculated with extreme accuracy (10 meters maximum margin of error). The proposed National Geographic Institute maps is expanding, and its activity also offers DVDs and hiking GPS. The Internet has tested for it the Evadeo of IGN .

Carol backpacking through India.

8. Bring first aid kit
It is useful to have a first aid kit. The essential elements to carry around are: a disinfectant, a lot of bandages, eosin, the elastic adhesive tape (Elastoplast � style), a pair of small scissors, tweezers (for removing splinters), a soothing ointment against insect bites, an arnica cream, painkillers. Moreover, people who follow a specific treatment – asthmatics, diabetics or those who are allergic – should bring their usual medications. You can also provide a survival blanket.

9. Checklist of what to bring
Write a check list a few hours or days before the start of the hike. This will prevent you from forgetting anything.

To go serenely on one day, make sure you have thought to put this equipment in your bag (and print this list):
- Sunglasses
- A hat or cap
- A gourd (or rigid form of Camel bag)
- Sun cream
- A rain jacket
- A sweater
- Cereal bars, dried fruit, sandwiches
- A trash bag
- At least 1.5 liters of water
- Walking sticks
- A map and compass
- A mobile phone (charge)
- A knife
- A flashlight with batteries
- A first aid kit
- A guidebook, a map, compass or a GPS
- Paper and pencil
- Laces of shoes
- Toilet paper or paper towels
- A camera (for the memories!)

If your trip lasts several days, remember to have:
- A tent, mattress and sleeping bag
- Socks and clothes
- Food for several days
- A stove
- A lighter or matches
- A toiletry bag

10. Final checks
Check your insurance each year, accidents involve hundreds of times for accidents on hikes. No one is exempted from the possibility. Before leaving, check if your insurer does support expenses related to an accident as part of a hike. Check the weather Hiking can quickly become a nightmare if the weather is bad. Storm, torrential rain, fog cut with a knife. To know what awaits you, remember to review the bulletins on the Internet or by phone.